Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

October 3, 2019

chronic fatigue syndrome

Are you troubled by profound fatigue, pain, sleep abnormalities, and other symptoms that become worse from exertion? If yes, then you may have Chronic Fatigue Syndrome or CFS.

Read more to learn the causes, symptoms, and available treatment options for CFS.

What Is Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome?

Chronic fatigue syndrome, Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome (CFIDS), or CFS is a complex disorder indicated by extreme fatigue that usually worsens with any activity, be it mental or physical, and does not improve with rest.

Signs and Symptoms of Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome

Signs and symptoms that are commonly associated with CFS include:

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of concentration or memory
  • Sore throat
  • Unexplained joint or muscle pain
  • Swollen lymph nodes in your armpits or neck
  • Unrefreshing sleep
  • Headaches
  • Extreme exhaustion which lasts for more a day after mental or physical exercise

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Major Causes of Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome

The exact cause of chronic fatigue syndrome is unknown. However, the contributing factors, as suggested by some research, include:

  • Viral Infections – Some people develop CFS after getting exposed to some viral infections such as human herpes virus 6, Epstein-Barr virus, or mouse leukemia viruses. However, no definite link between the two has yet been established.
  • Immune System Problems – CFS patients usually have a slightly compromised immune system. However, it is not evident whether this impairment is causing the disorder.
  • Hormonal Imbalances – People with CFS also experience an imbalance of the hormones produced in the pituitary glands, hypothalamus, and adrenal glands. However, the link between these two conditions is still unknown.
  • Genetic Disposition – Some people are also found to be genetically predisposed to acquire CFS.

How Long Does Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Last?

CFS symptoms must be present in a person for at least six months before it can be identified. These symptoms usually worsen during the first few years, but the patient’s condition gradually improves afterward. However, the illness persists for several months or years, and only a minor percentage of people regain their normal health.

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What Is the Best Treatment for Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome?

The treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome is mainly focused on symptomatic relief, as there is no cure for the condition. Treatments consist of medications and therapy.

  • Therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy, when combined with a gentle exercise program, is found to be the most effective treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome. Cognitive therapy can help you with coping strategies to work around the limitations CFS imposes on you. Physical therapy will help reduce your hypersensitivity to exercise and make you less prone to CFS symptoms.

  • Medications

Depression is often found to coexist with chronic fatigue syndrome. Therefore, treating your depression with low doses of antidepressants helps you to improve sleep, cope with CFS, and relieve pain.

If you need help in overcoming chronic fatigue syndrome, contact us at (843) 572-1600. Our specialists work closely with each patient to provide the best treatment option.