Preconception Care and Fertility: Everything You Need to Know by COEM in Charleston SC
Preconception care can improve your chances of getting pregnant, having a healthy pregnancy, and having a healthy baby. Visit The Center for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (COEM) today to get specialized and expert care. For more information, contact us today or schedule an appointment online. We are conveniently located at 7510 North Forest Drive North Charleston, SC 29420.
Table of Contents:
What is preconception care?
What are the four components of preconception care?
When should a woman begin preconception care?
What are the most important measures a woman can take for preconception health?
An estimated 74 million United States women between 15-44 years are of reproductive age. However, the newborn mortality rate has been greater than in most other high-income countries in the past decade. It’s estimated that most infant deaths in the United States stem from prematurity and congenital disabilities. U.S. women aged 18 to 44 face various preconception risk factors that impact maternal and infant health. Almost 50% of these females are regarded as overweight, 19% are active smokers, 10% have hypertension, and 3% are diabetes patients.
Combining preconception into medical and gynecologic care is essential. According to a 2014 report, individualized preconception has been associated with improved maternal outcomes.
Let’s see how preconception care gives family physicians and their patients an excellent chance to address and reduce these risk factors.
Preconception care is personalized care given to women and men that reduces maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity—the likelihood of conception increases when parents are provided contraceptive counseling. As per a new report by WHO, preconception care has a very strong and positive effect on maternal and child health outcomes.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) have categorized the main constituents of preconception care into four groups of interventions:
• Physical Assessment
• Risk Screening
It’s recommended that preconception care should start at least three months before actively trying to conceive.
Benefits of Preconception Care
Preconception care enables family doctors and their patients to understand, tackle and mitigate the risk factors appropriately. There are clinical practice recommendations for treatments that enhance outcomes based on high-quality data. This reinforces the importance of implementing preconception services in routine general care.
Effects on Fertility and Conception
Researchers have looked at various drugs, anatomical differences, habits, and environmental factors that may impact a man’s capacity to contribute to a successful conception. There are factors that influence sperm quality, quantity, concentration, and motility. Health conditions such as diabetes, erectile dysfunction, and testicular issues are some contributing factors.
Apart from tobacco and alcohol use, certain medications may decrease fertility to some extent. Stress also plays a vital role in sperm morphology and concentration.
Here are some of the important actions a woman can take to improve her preconception health
• Reach and maintain a healthy weight
• Take 400 mcg of folic acid tablets
• Stop smoking, using certain drugs, avoid alcohol, and avoid toxic substances
• Get mentally healthy and learn your family history
Preconception care is important and should be part of routine primary care visits.
If you are looking for the best Gynecologists & Obstetrician doctors near you, the Center for Occupational and Environmental Medicine can help. Contact our team or book an appointment today with our expert doctors. We serve patients from Charleston, Mt. Pleasant, Summerville, North Charleston SC, Ladson SC, Hanahan SC, James Island SC, John’s Island SC, Daniel Island SC, all of South Carolina, Nationally, and Internationally. Patients routinely fly into Charleston to be evaluated by COEM and to enjoy this beautiful city which is a Condé Nast and Travel and Leisure Top Domestic and International Tourist Destination.